neurologist, psychiatrist, alienist, psychopathologist, psychotherapist, psychoanalyst are comparable though not synonymous terms that denote a specialist in mental disorders.
A neurologist is a physician skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the nervous system, that is, of diseases (as epilepsy or locomotor ataxia) that involve structural or functional disorder of nervous tissue. Psychiatrist, alienist, psychopathologist all designate a physician who devotes himself to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the mind or emotions and especially, as distinguished from neurologist, of disorders (as neurasthenia, hysteria, and paranoia) not demonstrably of physical origin.
Psychiatrist is the general term, applicable to any such physician, while alienist is the preferred term in medical jurisprudence and may especially suggest skill in detection of mental derangements or of insanity, and psychopathologist may specifically apply to a physician specializing in emotional disorders and dealing largely with the dynamic factors (as defects of personality or unfavorable environment) underlying such disorders.
A psychotherapist may be either a physician or a layman (as a psychologist, social worker, or clergyman) who treats mental or emotional disorder or maladjustment by psy-chological means and especially those involving verbal communication.
A psychoanalyst is a psychotherapist and usually a physician (nonmedical psychoanalysts being often distinguished as lay analysts) who employs a form of psychotherapy, especially in the treatment of psychoneuroses, that is designed to bring unconscious and preconscious material into consciousness and involves largely the analysis of resistance and the establishment and analysis of a transference neurosis.

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

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  • Neurologist — Neu*rol o*gist, n. One who is versed in neurology; also, one skilled in the treatment of nervous diseases. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • neurologist — (n.) 1801, from NEUROLOGY (Cf. neurology) + IST (Cf. ist) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Neurologist — This article is about the field. For the journal, see The Neurologist. A neurologist is a physician who specializes in neurology, and is trained to investigate, or diagnose and treat neurological disorders. Pediatric neurologists treat… …   Wikipedia

  • neurologist — neurology ► NOUN ▪ the branch of medicine and biology concerned with the nervous system. DERIVATIVES neurological adjective neurologist noun …   English terms dictionary

  • neurologist — noun Date: 1832 one specializing in neurology; especially a physician skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of disease of the nervous system …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • neurologist — /noo rol euh jist, nyoo /, n. a physician specializing in neurology. [1825 35; NEUROLOG(Y) + IST] * * * …   Universalium

  • neurologist — noun A doctor or scientist who practices or specializes in neurology. See Also: neuritis, neurological …   Wiktionary

  • Neurologist — A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. * * * A specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the neuromuscular system : the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, the… …   Medical dictionary

  • neurologist — Synonyms and related words: anesthesiologist, cardiologist, chiropodist, dermatologist, eye doctor, eye ear nose throat specialist, geriatrician, gerontologist, gynecologist, immunologist, internist, neurology, neurosurgeon, obstetrician, oculist …   Moby Thesaurus

  • neurologist — neu·rol·o·gist || ‚nÊŠ rÉ‘lÉ™dʒɪst /‚njÊŠ rÉ’ n. doctor of neurology, one who specializes in the study of the nervous system …   English contemporary dictionary

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